The New Left was on the rise, and the voice of the second wave was increasingly radical.
Making the landscape even harder to navigate, a new silhouette is emerging on the horizon and taking the shape of a fourth wave of feminism. The first wave of feminism took place in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, emerging out of an environment of urban industrialism and liberal, socialist politics.
Some thinkers have sought to locate the roots of feminism in ancient Greece with Sappho (d. 570 BCE), or the medieval world with Hildegard of Bingen (d. The goal of this wave was to open up opportunities for women, with a focus on suffrage.
This phase began with protests against the Miss America pageant in Atlantic City in 19.
Feminists parodied what they held to be a degrading "cattle parade" that reduced women to objects of beauty dominated by a patriarchy that sought to keep them in the home or in dull, low-paying jobs.
The second wave began in the 1960s and continued into the 90s.
This wave unfolded in the context of the anti-war and civil rights movements and the growing self-consciousness of a variety of minority groups around the world.
The radical New York group called the Redstockings staged a counter pageant in which they crowned a sheep as Miss America and threw "oppressive" feminine artifacts such as bras, girdles, high-heels, makeup and false eyelashes into the trashcan.
Because the second wave of feminism found voice amid so many other social movements, it was easily marginalized and viewed as less pressing than, for example, Black Power or efforts to end the war in Vietnam.
She holds an MA in medieval history from the University of Utah and a doctorate in medieval history from the University of Virginia. All of these people advocated for the dignity, intelligence, and basic human potential of the female sex.