On December 8, 1941, Japanese planes bombed Clark Air Base marking the beginning of the invasion of Pampanga.Between 19, occupying Japanese forces began entering Pampanga.
) is a province in the Central Luzon region of the Philippines.
Lying on the northern shore of Manila Bay, Pampanga is bordered by Tarlac to the north, Nueva Ecija to the northeast, Bulacan to the east, the Manila Bay to the central-south, Bataan to the southwest and Zambales to the west. Angeles City, while geographically within Pampanga, is classified as a first-class, highly urbanized city and is governed independently of the province.
By 2015, the province has 2,198,110 inhabitants, Ancient Pampanga's territorial area included portions of the modern provinces of Tarlac, Bataan, Zambales, Nueva Ecija and Bulacan.
Pampanga was re-organized as a province by the Spaniards on December 11, 1571.
The name La Pampanga was given by the Spaniards, who encountered natives living along the banks (pampáng) of the Pampanga River.
Its creation in 1571 makes it the first Spanish province on Luzon Island (Cebu in Visayas is older as it was founded by the Spaniards in 1565).
Pampanga, which is about 850 square miles (2,200 km) in area and inhabited by more than 1.5 million people, had its present borders drawn in 1873.
During the Spanish regime it was one of the richest Philippine provinces.
The town of Villa de Bacolor in the province briefly served as the Spanish colonial capital when Great Britain invaded Manila as part of the Seven Years' War.