Muhammad ibn 'Abd Allâh al-Mustafa (pbuh&hf), The Prophet was taken into the care of his uncle, Abu Talib, on the death of his grandfather, 'Abd al-Muttali, in 580. 676 Family 6 Hafsa bint 'Umar ibn al-Khattab Bani Adiy b. circa 665 Family 7 Zainab ummu al-Masakin bint Khuazimah b. A los doce años se dirigió a Basora con su tío Abu Tâlib y tuvieron un encuentro con un monje llamado Bahira, algunos orientalistas dicen que esto demuestra que Mahoma aprendió de él los libros sagrados, pero los escolares musulmanes refutan esta opinión alegando que no pudo haber aprendido en la hora de la comida ese conocimiento y que además no se registra un segundo encuentro con este monje, en los hadices se narra que Bahira reconoció algunas señales de la profecía de Mahoma y le advirtió a su tío sobre llevarlo a Siria por temor de los judíos y romanos. Matrimonio con Jadiya Mahoma no tuvo un trabajo específico en su juventud, pero se ha reportado que trabajó como pastor para Bani Sad y en la Meca como asalariado. A la edad de los 25 años Mahoma trabajó como mercader en la ruta caravanera entre Damasco y La Meca a las órdenes de Jadiya, hija de Juwaylid (خديجة بنت خويلد ), una rica comerciante viuda, había impresionado a Jadiya y ésta le propuso matrimonio en el año 595.He was so described: a gentle, soft spoken, tall and handsome boy. circa 595 Family 8 Zainab bint Jahsh Banu Hâshim b. 641 Family 9 Juwayriya bint al-Harith Banu Khuza'ah b. Ibn Ishaq presenta que la edad de Jadiya era 28 años, y Al Waqidi presenta cuarenta.He was also active as a diplomat, merchant, philosopher, orator, legislator, reformer, military general, and, according to Muslim belief, an agent of divine action.
Transformado en un rico y respetado mercader, recibió la revelación del ángel Gabriel, que le invitó a predicar una nueva religión.
Rechazo A medida que los seguidores de Mahoma comenzaban a aumentar en número, se convirtió en una amenaza para los jefes de las tribus locales.
An approximate outline may be traced of his appearance in the prime of manhood: Slightly above the middle size, his figure, though spare, was handsome and commanding, the chest broad and open, the bones and framework large, the joints well knit together. The head, unusually large, gave space for a broad and noble brow. His large eyes, intensely black and piercing, received additional lustre from their long dark eye-lashes. Algunos dicen que al engendrar Jadiya dos varones y cuatro mujeres de Mahoma, hace que la opinión más fuerte sea la de Ibn Ishaq, pues es sabido que la mujer llega a la edad de la menopausia antes de los cincuenta años.
The hair, thick, jet black, and slightly curling, fell down over his ears. The nose was high and slightly aquiline, but fine, and at the end attenuated. A long black bushy beard, reaching to the breast, added manliness and presence. The face beamed with intelligence, though something of the sensuous also might be there discerned. A pesar de que estas informaciones no están establecidas en un hadiz sino que es algo que se hizo famoso entre los historiadores. Jadiya tuvo seis hijos con Mahoma, dos varones y cuatro mujeres.
He was a witness where Khadîjah bint Khuwaylid banu As'sad al-Qurayshiyya hired Muhammad as the manager for her rich merchantile caravans, and soon married him. Sus cuatro hijas se llamaban Zainab, Ruqayyah, Umm Kulzum y Fátima.
Muhammad ibn 'Abd Allâh al-Mustafa (pbuh&hf), The Prophet married Khadîjah bint Khuwaylid banu As'sad al-Qurayshiyya, daughter of Khuwaylid banu As'sad al-Qurayshi, in 595; His 1st. 6232 Umm Kalthum bint Muhammad ibn 'Abd Allâh Banu Hâshim b. 630 Fâtimah al-Zahra bint Muhammad ibn 'Abd Allâh Banu Hâshim (as) b. Jadiya sería posteriormente la primera persona en aceptar el islam después de la revelación.
By the time of his death, most of the Arabian Peninsula had converted to Islam; and he had united the tribes of Arabia into a single Muslim religious polity. "Signs") — which Muhammad reported receiving until his death — form the verses of the Qur'an, regarded by Muslims as the “Word of God” and around which the religion of Islam is based. He replied : Verily, (the archangel) Gabriel has informed me that I belong to Mudar.". [S954] Esq., Bengal Civil Service William Muir Muir on Mahomet, Vol. La costumbre de los más honorables de la tribu de Quraysh era enviar a sus hijos con niñeras beduinas con el propósito de que crecieran libres y saludables en el desierto, para poder también robustecerse y aprender de los beduinos, que eran reconocidos por su honradez y la carencia de numerosos vicios, y Mahoma fue confiado a Bani S’ad. Apertura del pecho El primer milagro que se narra sobre Mahoma en la compilación de los hadices es que el Arcángel Gabriel descendió y abrió su pecho para sacar su corazón.
Besides the Qur'an, Muhammad’s life (sira) and traditions (sunnah) are also upheld by Muslims. Extrajo un coágulo negro de éste y dijo «Esta era la parte por donde Satán podría seducirte».
) an enemy of the Prophet from the very beginning of his public mission after 610. Her 2nd (widow).6,18,19 Twelve men from Yathrib on a pilgrimage to the pagan Ka'bah shrine of Mecca (of the god Hubal and about 300 lesser idols) secretly professed allegiance to Muhammad's message of monotheism at Mecca, Arabia, in June 621.6 Muhammad ibn 'Abd Allâh al-Mustafa (pbuh&hf), The Prophet commanded his followers in Mecca to emigrate to Yathrib, later called Medina (Medinat-en-nabi=City of the prophet) in April 622 at Mecca, Arabia.6 He fled from a planned assassination, by the Meccans, towards Medina (the Muslim era of Hijrah (Emigration) is named after this incident), southward to the cave of Thaur on 16 July 622 at 17th Rabi' al-Awwwal.6 Prophet of Islâm between 16 July 622 and 8 June 632.2 He arrived safely on 24 September 622 at Yathrib (now Medina), Arabia.6 He led three raids on trade caravans but all fail in 623.6 He married Ayishah as a political marriage to cement ties with 'A`ishah's father, Abu Bakr, who was one of Muhammad's most important supporters, but last endly, she remained his favourite in January 624.6 Followers of his, disguised as pilgrims during the annual period of sacred truce among all Arab tribes, attack an unarmed trade caravan from Yemen, at Nakhlah south of Mecca, killing one person and taking two for ransom, at Arabia in January 624.6 He married 'Â'isha umm Mu'minin bint Abu Bakr al-Makkiyya, daughter of 'Abû Bakr al-Siddiq, 1st Rightly Guided Caliph of Islam and Umm Ruman (? Her 2nd (widow).6,24 Muhammad ibn 'Abd Allâh al-Mustafa (pbuh&hf), The Prophet married Safiyah bat Huyay Banu Akhtab, daughter of Huyay Banu Akhtab, after March 628; His 11th. Describió esta visita como un mandato para memorizar y recitar los versos enviados por Dios.
Muhammad ibn 'Abd Allâh al-Mustafa (pbuh&hf), The Prophet began preaching publicly circa 613.6 A contract for the marriage of Muhammad ibn 'Abd Allâh al-Mustafa (pbuh&hf), The Prophet and 'Â'isha umm Mu'minin bint Abu Bakr al-Makkiyya was signed in 620.17 Muhammad ibn 'Abd Allâh al-Mustafa (pbuh&hf), The Prophet married Saudah bint Zam'ah (? ), in January 624; His 3rd.20,2,6,17,19 Muhammad ibn 'Abd Allâh al-Mustafa (pbuh&hf), The Prophet regarded the Jewish tribes as at par with his own followers, but his experiences of their betrayals of the pacts they entered into with him for the joint defense of Medina (Yathrib) against his Meccan enemies, led him to expel them and execute all Jewish males in Medina; he also levied a special tax (jizyah) on the Jews of Khybar (creating a precedent that later led orthodox Islam to conclude must be paid by Christians and Jews to the Muslim state), and consequently also changed the prayer direction (qiblah) of his followers from Jerusalem to Mecca's Ka'bah, even though it was a shrine of tribal idols, and justified this by announcing that Abraham with Ishmael had built it as a shrine to God (Qur'an 5,127) circa February 624.6 He received a revelation justifying the crimes because of Mecca's banning of his access to the Ka'bah (Qur'an, 7) in January 624.6 He led a raiding party of about 315 men to attack a Meccan trade caravan which eluded him, but the leader of the Makhuzum clan of Mecca confronted him with a force of 800 near Badr; his troops triumph and in the aftermath many of his critics in Medina are assassinated and the Muslim movement grows on 15 March 624.6 He married Hafsa bint 'Umar ibn al-Khattab Bani Adiy, daughter of 'Umar ibn al-Khattab, 2nd Rightly Guided Caliph of Islam, after 15 March 624; His 4th. Her 3rd (widow).6,22 Muhammad ibn 'Abd Allâh al-Mustafa (pbuh&hf), The Prophet married Zainab bint Jahsh Banu Hâshim, daughter of Jahsh Banu Hâshim and Hind umm Salamah bint Ummayyah, in 625 at 4 A. Her 2nd (allowed by al-Ahzab ).6,23 Muhammad ibn 'Abd Allâh al-Mustafa (pbuh&hf), The Prophet present when a Meccan force of 3000 attacked Medina at Uhud; and returned them to Mecca having killed as many Meccans as the Muslims had lost, on 23 March 625.6 He withstood a siege by a Meccan confederacy of 10,000 troops; his troops at Medina were well prepared and the siege failed in April 627 at Medina, Arabia.6 He attacked the Jewish clan of Qurayzah who surrendered, and had their men savagely executed and their women and children sold as slaves after April 627.6 He married Zaynab bint Jahsh, the former wife of his adopted son, and received a revelation to justify it (Qur'an ) after April 627.6 He had his forces attack and defeat the Banu Khuza'ah tribe, from whom he took the beautiful Juwayriya as a wife from the tribe instead of a ransom after April 627.6 He married Juwayriya bint al-Harith Banu Khuza'ah, daughter of al-Harith bin Abi Dirar Banu Khuza'ah, after April 627; His 7th.6,19 Muhammad ibn 'Abd Allâh al-Mustafa (pbuh&hf), The Prophet married Mariah al-Qibtiyah circa 628; His 9th.6 Muhammad ibn 'Abd Allâh al-Mustafa (pbuh&hf), The Prophet set out on pilgrimage to the Ka'bah at Mecca driving sacrificial animals ahead of him, but was dissappointed that only 1,600 of his men were willing to accompany him, and after long negotiations at al-Hudaybiyah, the Meccans and Muslims agreed to stop hostilities and that Muslims would be allowed to make the pilgrimage the following year in March 628.6 He married Ramlah umm Habibah bint Abu Sufyan (? Her 2nd (widow).6 Muhammad ibn 'Abd Allâh al-Mustafa (pbuh&hf), The Prophet conquered Mecca in 629 at Arabia.20 He entered Mecca by the Hudaybiyah agreements with unarmed followers as an act of worship in March 629 at Mecca, Arabia.6 He married Maimunah bint Al-Harith (? Her 2nd (widow).6,19 Muhammad ibn 'Abd Allâh al-Mustafa (pbuh&hf), The Prophet repudiated the Hudaybiyah agreements after his allies were attacked by allies of Mecca circa November 629.6 He associated with Rayhanah the Jewess after November 629; Concubine. He forbade, by revelation, Muslim's from marrying his widows. (Qur'an ).1,2,25,26,27,28 Muhammad ibn 'Abd Allâh al-Mustafa (pbuh&hf), The Prophet was buried in his house adjoining the Great Mosque, Medina, Arabia. c 58515 Family 2 Khadîjah bint Khuwaylid banu As'sad al-Qurayshiyya b. between 619 and 620 Children al-Qassim ibn Muhammad Banu Hâshim b. Durante su vida, Mahoma confió la conservación de la palabra de Dios (Allah الله), trasmitida por Gabriel (Yibril, جبريل), a la retentiva de los memoriones, quienes la memorizaban recitándola incansablemente que después de su muerte serían recopilados por escrito en el Corán debido a la primordial importancia de conservar el mensaje original en toda su pureza, sin el menor cambio ni de fondo ni de forma.
In Medina, Muhammad united the conflicting tribes, and after eight years of fighting with the Meccans, his followers — who by then had grown to 10,000 — conquered Mecca. [S469] Al-Islam.com, online The Prophet's daughters. [S954] Esq., Bengal Civil Service William Muir Muir on Mahomet, Vol. 1, "..suffices to state that the widowed Amina gave birth to a son in the autumn of the year 570 A. It is a vain attempt to fix with certainty the precise date of the birth, for the materials are too vague and discrepant to be subjected to so close a calculation." but consider too M. Vida anterior a la predicación Su nacimiento e infancia Árabe de la tribu de Coraix (Quraysh), nació en La Meca (مكة) alrededor del 570/571. Meca se encuentra en la región de Hiyaz en la actual Arabia Saudí.