This age is consistent with the time when early Denisovans, a sister group of Neanderthals, appeared and colonized eastern Eurasia.
is any preserved remains, impression, or trace of any once-living thing from a past geological age.
These types of fossil are called trace fossils or ichnofossils, as opposed to body fossils.
Paleontology is the study of fossils: their age, method of formation, and evolutionary significance.
Specimens are usually considered to be fossils if they are over 10,000 years old.
The observation in the 19th century that certain fossils were associated with certain rock strata led to the recognition of a geological timescale and the relative ages of different fossils.
The development of radiometric dating techniques in the early 20th century allowed scientists to quantitatively measure the absolute ages of rocks and the fossils they host.
Small scale permineralization can produce very detailed fossils.
For permineralization to occur, the organism must become covered by sediment soon after death or soon after the initial decay process.
The ESR dating results indicate a pooled average age of 260–370 ka for the -bearing layer, which is consistent with its position within the middle Brunhes normal polarity chron indicated by magnetostratigraphy.
This age estimate makes the Xujiayao hominin among the oldest mid-Pleistocene hominins with derived Neanderthal traits in East Asia.
In some cases mineral replacement of the original shell occurs so gradually and at such fine scales that microstructural features are preserved despite the total loss of original material.