Justice Minister Mark Golding condemned the brutal murder, calling on the police to “spare no effort in bringing the perpetrators to justice.” A small public protest against the killing took place in Kingston’s Emancipation Park.The police interviewed witnesses and provided information about the murder investigations to Jamaica’s preeminent lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) rights organization, J-FLAG.Her family initially refused to claim her corpse from the morgue.
Gay and transgender children and young adults are particularly vulnerable.
Butch: Masculine gender expression; a popular term within lesbian and transgender communities to describe lesbians whose gender expression is masculine.
The policy establishes a mechanism to monitor police non-compliance, although Human Rights Watch has not been able to ascertain whether any police have been held accountable for non-compliance, despite a formal request for this information (see Annex I).
The Ministry of National Security has also developed tools to monitor experiences of crime, including the Violence Attribution Assessment Form.
The following patois words and phrases appear in this report: Battyman/Battybwoy: “Batty” is a slang term for “buttocks.” Battyman or Battybwoy is a pejorative term for men who have sex with men, as anal sex is seen as the act that defines them.
“Battyman fi dead”: Gay men should be dead/killed; gay men must die. Sodomite / Sodomite gal: Derogatory term for a woman who has sex with women.
On July 21, 2013, 16-year-old Dwayne Jones attended a dance party in Montego Bay, Jamaica, dressed in women’s clothing. James, realized she was biologically male, they subjected her to almost every form of physical violence imaginable—beating, stabbing, and shooting her before running her over with a car. When police arrived, they found her body dumped in bushes along the main road.
Dwayne had been homeless since age 12, rejected by her family because of her gender identity.
Human Rights Watch conducted five weeks of field research in Jamaica in April and June 2013, interviewing 71 LGBT people as well as state officials and other stakeholders.
Of those interviewed: developed in consultation with J-FLAG, which requires police to ensure that LGBT people and other vulnerable groups can safely file police reports.
Gender Identity: Person’s internal, deeply felt sense of being male, female, both, or something other than male or female.